The University of Melbourne
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EPiC database - Portland cement

Version 2 2020-12-10, 20:45
Version 1 2019-11-20, 05:24
posted on 2020-12-10, 20:45 authored by Robert CrawfordRobert Crawford, André StephanAndré Stephan, Fabian PrideauxFabian Prideaux
This material is part of the free Environmental Performance in Construction (EPiC) Database. The EPiC Database contains embodied environmental flow coefficients for 250+ construction materials using a comprehensive hybrid life cycle inventory approach.

Portland cement (also known as common or general-purpose cement) is manufactured from limestone, clay and gypsum. A range of additional minerals or additives can be added to control the properties of the finished cement.

Limestone and other raw materials are heated at over 1 000°C to produce clinker. The clinker is then mixed with gypsum and ground into a fine powder to produce Portland cement.

Portland cement is typically used as a binder for concrete and cement-based products, such as fibre cement sheet and cement mortar. When mixed with water it forms a workable slurry that undergoes a process known as hydration, setting within a few hours and forming its final hardened state within weeks.